6 FIRST PERSON Relics vs. “Real” Archaeology
8 QUERIES & COMMENTS
Altar-ed Theories at Ashkelon
Fifty Years of Dead Sea
$5,000 in Prizes for
Defendants Acquitted in Forgery Trial
Nehemiah in the Scrolls More and More Menorahs Jesus’ Anger Rewritten
Joe Zias:”Hershel Has
No Sense of Humor”
15 The Bible in the News
20 In Their Own Words
20 How Many?
22 In History
22 What Is It?
24 Exhibit Watch
26 Cartoon Caption Contest
28 BIBLICAL VIEWS Spirited Discourse About God Language in the New Testament
Ben Witherington Ill
30 ARCHAEOLOGICAL VIEWS An Anthropologist’s View of Early Israel
32 What’s the Oldest Hebrew Inscription?
Christopher A. Rollston
Weighing in on a quartet of contenders for the oldest Hebrew inscription, epigrapher Chris Rollston explains how he decides: Is the script really Hebrew? Is the language Hebrew? Should the inscription be read right
to-left like modern Hebrew or left-to-right? How old is it? Where did it come from? Readers may be surprised by his conclusions.
41 Ancient Inscription Refers to Birth of Israelite Monarchy
Highly regarded French epigrapher Emile Puech interprets the Qeiyafa Ostracon as referring to the institution of the Israelite monarchy, either David or, more probably, Saul. Our author reviews Puech’s analysis.
44 “Castle of the Slave”-Mystery Solved
Qasr al-Abd, or Castle of the Slave, is a monumental, Hellenistic-style ruin located amid lush fields in Jordan’s Wadi as-Seer valley. Once the centerpiece of a grand second-century B.C.E. estate built by the Jewish Tobiad family, it is less certain why the Tobiads built this impressive structure. Was it a temple? A hunting lodge? A pleasure palace? A tomb? Based on the monument’s elaborate design, decoration and other evidence, author Stephen Rosenberg believes he has the answer.
55 When Job Sued God
Edward L. Greenstein
God tested the righteous Job by taking away his belongings, his servants, his children and his good health. Because Job could not think of any sin he had committed to deserve such punishment, he sued God and swore an oath of innocence. Would the deity feel compelled to respond to such a lawsuit?