Near Eastern Archaeology Vol 75 No. 1 April 2012

4 GUARDING THE BORDER TO JERUSALEM:
The Iron Age City of Gezer
Steven Ortiz and Samuel Wolff

Tel Gezer has a storied history in the fields of bib­ lical archaeology and the development of Ameri­ can archaeology and Israeli archaeology during the
1960s and 1970s. Unfortunately, the debate between
towering figures in the field has overshadowed the importance of this site for research in the southern Levant. This article reports on the first five seasons of excavations by the Tandy Institute for Archaeology. An overview of Iron Age research is first presented, followed by the results of five seasons of excavations. The current project is focusing on the Iron Age for­ tifications, urbanization processes in the northern Shephelah, and spatial analysis between public and private zones in the ancient city. Most notable are a Late Bronze Age pillared building and a large four­ room house.

20    BIBLICAL GEOGRAPHY IN SOUTHWESTERN JUDAH
James W. Hardin, Christopher A. Rollston, and Jeffrey A. Blakely

Scholars have studied the region around Wadi el­ Hesi for 175 years. In the past they identified the region around Tell el-Hesi as Judahite, but most recently the scholarly consensus has shifted to Phi­ listine. Both archaeological survey and excavation of the Hesi region support a Judahite identification.
In this article the authors examine the case of Tell  el-Hesi and its environs being Judahite from the eleventh through the eighth centuries B.C.E., then suggest implications for this interpretation. If the Hesi region was Judahite, then the Lachish district as defined in Josh 15:37-41 extended much further west than is usually assumed. Once this is recog­ nized, it is possible to suggest identifications for three currently unidentified sites: Zenan (Khirbet Summeily), Hadashah (Tel Sheqef), and Migdal Gad (Tell el-Hesi).

36     THE TABULA PEUTINGERIANA: Its Roadmap to Borderland Settlements in Iudaea-Palestina With Special Reference to Tel Zayit in the Late Roman Period
Ron E. Tappy

For studying ancient  settlement patterns of borderland towns, one can hardly imagine a bet­ ter topo-geographical arrangement than biblical Judah and Philistia, where multiple east-west val­ ley systems spawned ancient roadways that con­ nected the various areas. That one such passageway (recorded on a Late Roman map) ran from Ash­ kelon through the Nal).al Guvrin, passed Tel Zayit to Beth Guvrin, and continued into the hill country of Judah afforded Tel Zayit its political and cultural significance. An appreciation of this borderland location is crucial to a proper understanding of the site’s 3,500-year depositional history. From its shift­ ing allegiances during the tenth and ninth centuries B.C.E.  to its apparent service as a fortified Roman outpost, and even to its changing political orientations during the Turkish-Ottoman and British-Mandate periods, Tel Zayit calls to mind the liminality of daily life that its inhabitants surely understood

DEPARTMENTS
INTRODUCING  THE NEW EDITOR OF NEAR EASTERN ARCHAEOLOGY
Egyptology Past, Present, and Future-A Reflection
Thomas  Schneider

A Companion to Ancient Egypt
Joshua Trampier

The Social History of Achaemenid Phoe­nicia:
Being a Phoenician, Negotiating Empires
Josette Elayi

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