132 KARKEMISH ON THE EUPHRATES: Excavating a City’s History
Nicolo Marchetti and co-authors
The new Turkish-Italian excavations at Karkem ish, one of the most important urban sites of the ancient Near East, will add significant evidence to our knowledge of the city’s history and regional context. This article gives an overview of previous excava tions of the city and the current project, its history, new epigraphic evidence, and the material culture of the urban elite. It also informs about surveying tech niques used at Karkemish and the 3-D scanning of sculptures and inscriptions.
148 CANAANITES, CATHOLICS, AND CHOSEN PEOPLES:
William Foxwell Albright’s Biblical Archaeology
The full story of William Foxwell Albright’s introduction to biblical archaeology is not simply an archaeological one. While the story of the young child reading an archaeology book in Chile is part of Albright lore, the other influences affecting him during his parents’ mission there are less well known. Similarly, life in Iowa when the Albrights returned to America has been a lacuna in his legacy. This article seeks to fill that gap by examining Methodist Albright’s life within the Catholic context of both Chile and Iowa in the 1890s and early 1900s. As will be seen, the Methodist languag of Catholic condemnation in these two locations bears a striking resemblance to the condemnations of the Canaanites later expressed in biblical archaeology.
162 THE QARQUR CHALLENGE: Middle Islamic through Iron Age
Rudolph H. Dornemann
The American Schools of Oriental Research exca vations at Tell Qarqur provide a major challenge for participating archaeologists. Natural and human disruption forces consistent patience to piece together a complicated puzzle of more than 7,500 years. Col lections of Early Bronze IV, Iron Age I, and Iron Age II materials are significant, but good Middle Bronze Age, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Middle Islamic, and early Mamluk materials have also been excavated. Promise of much more has been found, suggesting a sequence from Early Bronze III back to the Neolithic and hints of documentation for criti cal periods such as Middle Bronze I and Late Bronze II. The expedition works to place Tell Qarqur in its regional context, focusing particularly on paleobo tanical and paleozoological materials. Recent efforts in using geophysical prospection provide a more complete understanding of the site. This first of two articles examines the Islamic through Iron I finds from Tell Qarqur.
NEW FIELDWORK AT ABYDOS:The Toronto Votive Zone Project
Mary-Ann Pouls Wegner
In 2011, archaeological fieldwork was resumed at the votive zone adjacent to the main temple of Osiris at Ab’ydos. The article focuses on new discoveries at the zone, such as a monumental structure indicating the state’s involvement in the development of the zone, and evidence for the use of a Middle Kingdom offer ing chapel until more than 1500 years after its erection. The article also highlights remarkable artifacts recov ered – the remains of a wooden figure of a hawk’s head that likely formed the aegis of a barque-shrine, and a rare example of a royal wooden statue that may depict Hatshepsut – and discusses the ceremonial landscape and its cultural significance.
How Will Declining Religious Literacy
in the United States Affect Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology? Some Thoughts from the Front Lines
Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece, and Rome
The Dead Sea Scrolls and Contemporary Culture: Proceedings of the International Conference held at the Israel Museum, Jerusalem (July 6-8, 2008)