Near Eastern Archaeology Vol 75 No 3 (2012)

132 KARKEMISH ON THE EUPHRATES: Excavating a City’s History
Nicolo Marchetti and co-authors

The new Turkish-Italian excavations  at Karkem­ ish, one of the  most  important urban sites  of the ancient Near East, will add significant evidence to our knowledge of the city’s history and regional context. This article  gives an overview  of previous excava­ tions of the city and the current project, its history, new epigraphic evidence, and the material culture of the urban elite. It also informs about surveying tech­ niques used at Karkemish  and the 3-D scanning of sculptures and inscriptions.

148  CANAANITES, CATHOLICS, AND CHOSEN  PEOPLES:
William Foxwell Albright’s Biblical Archaeology
Peter Feinman

The full story of William Foxwell Albright’s introduction to biblical archaeology is not simply an archaeological one.  While  the story of the young child reading  an archaeology book in Chile is part of Albright lore, the other  influences  affecting him during his parents’ mission there are less well known. Similarly, life in Iowa when the Albrights  returned  to America has been  a lacuna in his legacy. This article seeks to fill that gap by examining Methodist Albright’s life within the Catholic context of both Chile and Iowa in the 1890s and early 1900s. As will be seen, the Methodist languag of Catholic condemnation  in these two locations bears a striking resemblance to the condemnations of the Canaanites later expressed in biblical archaeology.

162 THE QARQUR CHALLENGE: Middle Islamic through Iron Age
Rudolph H. Dornemann
The American  Schools of Oriental Research exca­ vations at Tell Qarqur  provide a major challenge for participating archaeologists. Natural and human disruption forces consistent patience to piece together a complicated  puzzle of more than 7,500 years. Col­ lections of Early Bronze IV, Iron Age I, and Iron Age II materials are significant, but good Middle Bronze Age, Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Middle Islamic, and early Mamluk materials have also been excavated.  Promise  of much more has been found, suggesting a sequence from Early Bronze III back to the Neolithic  and hints  of documentation for criti­ cal periods such as Middle Bronze I and Late Bronze II. The expedition works to place Tell Qarqur  in its regional context,  focusing  particularly on paleobo­ tanical and paleozoological materials. Recent efforts in using  geophysical prospection provide  a more complete understanding of the site.  This first of two articles  examines the Islamic  through Iron  I finds from Tell Qarqur.

178
NEW FIELDWORK AT ABYDOS:The Toronto Votive Zone Project
Mary-Ann Pouls Wegner

In 2011, archaeological  fieldwork was resumed  at the votive zone adjacent to the main temple of Osiris at Ab’ydos. The article focuses on new discoveries at the zone, such  as a monumental structure indicating the state’s involvement in the development  of the zone, and evidence  for the use of a Middle  Kingdom  offer­ ing chapel until more than 1500 years after its erection. The article also highlights  remarkable artifacts  recov­ ered – the remains of a wooden figure of a hawk’s head that likely formed  the aegis of a barque-shrine, and a rare example of a royal wooden  statue that may depict Hatshepsut – and discusses  the ceremonial landscape and its cultural significance.

DEPARTMENTS
186 FORUM
How Will Declining Religious Literacy
in the United States Affect Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology? Some Thoughts from the Front Lines
Leann Pace

188 REVIEWS
Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece, and Rome
Daniel Pioske

The Dead Sea Scrolls and Contemporary Culture: Proceedings of the International Conference  held at the Israel Museum, Jerusalem (July 6-8, 2008)
Jason Kalman

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