Biblical Archaeology Review Vol 39 No 2

What to Do with Unprovenanced Artifacts­ Publish or Perish?

28    BIBLICAL  VIEWS Images of Crucifixion: fresh Evidence
Ben Witherington  Ill

Israelite life Before the Kings Robert  D. Miller

30    Where Is Sodom? The Case for TaU ei-Hammam
Steven Collins
Biblical writers knew their geography quite precisely and realistically.
And we are told clearly in Genesis 13 where Sodom was located. Contrary to a number of modern scholars who locate Sodom near the southern end of the Dead Sea, our author locates it northeast of the Dead Sea,.where he has been excavating the site of Tall el-Hammam for eight years. Whether the story of Sodom’s destruction is literally true or simply a traditional
tale, the geography is real; the Biblical author is referring to an actual site.
Where is it?

42    When Pharaohs Ruled Jerusalem
Peter van der Veen
Spurred by a BAR article, author Peter van der Veen went on a hunt for additional archaeological support of ancient Egypt’s dominance in Jerusalem. Here is what he found. But it included nothing from the time King David captured the city. Was this why David was able to conquer Jemsalem?

49    The Staurogram:Earliest Depiction of Jesus’ Crucifixion
larry W. Hurtado
Cmcifixion was considered shameful in Jesus’ time, so until about the late fourth century Christians refrained from depicting Jesus’ crucifixion-or  so it was thought. A depiction of Jesus’ crucifixion 200 years earlier has been identified in some ancient papyrus codices, consisting of a combination of two overlaid Greek letters.

53    Wet-Sift the Megiddo Dumps!
Hershel Shanks
Wet-sifting-the process of pouring soil through  a sieve while spraying
it with water-has proved its worth repeatedly by allowing the recovery of small finds from excavated soil. Why not try it on the 70-year-old excavation dumps at Megiddo?