Biblical Archaeological Review Vol. 39 No. 6

6 FIRST PERSON The Sun God in the Synagogue

Who’s Right? You Decide
The1,700th Anniversary of the Edict of Milan
Pentagrams in Judea
“Condemned to the Mines” Wins Best BAR Article
Apologies to the Israel Exploration Society (and Our Readers)
Three Cheers for
Zealot Author

22 BIBLICAL VIEWS Who Did Cain Marry? Mary Joan Winn Leith

Biblical Archaeology in the 21st Century Ann E. Killebrew

30 The Emperor’s New Church on Main Street, Jerusalem
Oren Gutfeld
The Cardo was Jerusalem’s major north-south thoroughfare, as we know from the famous sixth-century Madaba map mosaic in Jordan. But was
it fully built in the Roman period or only in the Byzantine period? The magnificent Nea Church that sat at its southern end may provide the answer.

44 An Ending and a Beginning: Why We’re Leaving Oeiyafa and Going to Lachish
Yosef Garfinkel, Michael Hasel and Martin Klingbeil
Seven seasons of excavations at the fortified site of Khirbet Qeiyafa have redefined the debate over Judah’s early history. Monumental discoveries from the 2013 season provide new evidence of an extensive civil administration during the time of King David. To continue investigating tenth-century Judah, the Qeiyafa archaeologists are heading to Lachish.

52 Why Perga? Paul’s Perilous Passage Through Pisidia
Mark R. Fairchild
Paul’s first missionary journey took him from Cyprus into the heart of Anatolia. Why did Paul and Barnabas choose the treacherous path through Perga to Pisidian Antioch? Archaeological evidence for the likely presence of Jewish communities on the way suggests the reason why.

60 What’s Critical About a Critical Edition of the Bible?
David Marcus and James A. Sanders
Sacrilegious as it may sound, errors and textual problems abound in all ancient copies of a text revered as inspired by the word of God. How do scholars, past and present, strive to preserve the most reliable text of the Hebrew Bible?